How India adapts to aging
In India, 90% of workers are part of the informal economy *. Of the 110 million people over 60 in the country - which has 1.3 billion people - only about 20 million seniors are brought to a real retirement relative to their former profession called "official"
In 1995, the Indian government introduced voluntary pension insurance ("Atal Pension Yojana", APY) to allow these former workers in informal sectors - mining, marine, agriculture ... - to reach a minimum 1000 rupees per month * ... ie 13 euros, approx.
"This minimum pension is obviously insufficient. It should be at least 3000 rupees [37 euros] to allow them to live decently", explains Irudaya Rajan, professor at the Trivandrum Center for Development Studies (Kerala, South India) and co-author, among others, of the book Elderly People in India: Needs and Vulnerabilities. "These people become poor at the age of 65. And without a re-employment policy, they can simply starve if they do not continue to work," explains Irudaya Ranjan.
It is the same problem for the elderly care system: 100 million old Indians have no social security system. They can not take care of medical costs or expenses.
"Only those who have worked as civil servants or in the private sector have insurance from their employer. But there is no large-scale social security system for the elderly," continues Irudaya Rajan.
In South India, initiatives such as the Palliative Care Center or HelpAge India, and NGO that defends the rights of the elderly, are training communities and volunteers in caring for the elderly. "How can old people go to the hospital or see a doctor? They do not even have enough money to take a cab,"says Sathiya Babu, who is in charge of the palliative care program at Tamaraikulam Elders Village, a HelpAge-created senior citizens' village where residents are trained to take care of each other.
REPORTAGE - ILS FONT
When old Indians get their business up
In the south of India, the old people meet in self-help groups and pool their savings to lend themselves money and set up their small business: saris shop, fish sale ...